The two souls of anti-fascism


I spent this Saturday marching against the Democratic Football Lads Alliance. I was part of a unity demonstration which began at Portland Place (i.e. a little south of Regents Park) and marched very slowlyfrom there to Trafalgar Square. Despite the slow progress (a deliberate move, intended to prevent the DFLA from marching past us), the protest was one of the most enjoyable I have been on in years. Young, very largely female, full of excited people. Among the friends I marched with were seasoned anti-fascists who go back to the campaigns of the 1980s, Marxist journalists, fans in football regalia, exiles from the lefts in America and Brazil, LGBT activists, a disabled singer, and a woman who hadn’t known about the march until she came into London that morning with her seven year old son to go shopping, asked the police who were demonstrating and (despite the police’s best efforts) found herself joining what she soon realized was a joyous celebration of unity.

There were 1500 people on the march, and the name “unity” is richly deserved. A very large number of groups – the RMT trade union, Plan C, London Anti-Fascists, AFNs from elsewhere in the country, Jewdas, Palestine activist campaigns, RS21, had turned out, in each case, quite small numbers of people. The result of these many small mobilisations was a large and exuberant protest, with songs (“I will survive”), purple smoke from flares, chants. The protest was led by Women’s Strike Assembly and placed women at the front, even pausing at one stage (as we approached the Brazilian embassy) to allow women from Latin America to rush to the front.

The unity march was youthful, and vibrant. Its most interesting component was Women’s Strike Assembly who, although a minority of demonstrators, had been allowed to set the agenda for the majority and lead them. Their idea is that anti-fascism should not simply react to far-right demonstrations but set our own agenda. For six weeks prior to the DFLA event, they had held private meetings, public assemblies to discuss their plans. They organised creches, food for the demonstrators, cookies with arrest cards. Because they have spent weeks planning for the demonstration, and because they talked to activists who weren’t initially planning to go on the demo, they were able to persuade sufficient numbers of new people to turn out so that the far right was badly outnumbered. Wonen’s Strike do not confront every single far right protest (they haven’t tried, for example, to oppose the Tommy Robinson court appearances); they think that the left can mobilise in large numbers only occasionally. That calculation is probably correct. The movement is better if we focus on occasional large turnouts, rather than mobilising small numbers of our older supporters on weekday stunts.

We confronted the DFLA; at about 3 o’clock a group of around two hundred supporters of the far right broke out of police lines and attempted to march on us. Outnumbered, their “Eng-ger-land” chants were drowned out by people chanting back at them the slogan of the Spanish Civil War, “No Pasaran.”

I waited with friends, and when it was clear that the far right was not going to break through, we set off through central London and took a good look at the DFLA. They were, unsurprisingly, the same far right crowd that we have seen repeatedly over the last eighteen months, predominantly male and middle aged, with a large number of football insignia (including, at one point, two men carrying what looked like West Ham shields carved out of a small wall of flowers). The DFLA’s strategy since the spring has been to build out of a women’s and children’s movement against rape. If that was supposed to bring in a new generation of activists, it hasn’t been successful yet. Of the 800-1000 DFLA supporters we saw, just three women were wearing stickers which alluded to that recent campaign. The DFLA itself faces an increasing threat from the right in the form of Tommy Robinson who spent last year tacking towards the DFLA and has recently moved away from it, leaving that campaign feeling like last year’s news. The stage was disorganized, the audience uninterested, as the DFLA gave a platform to its highest profile remaining allies the Justice for the 21 campaign in Birmingham, which campaigns for the victims of the Birmingham pub bombings and for the naming of the killers. Even with such mainstream allies, the DFLA seemed isolated and short of purpose.

As well as the main unity march there was also a second protest, called by a long-standing campaign group Stand Up to Racism. The organisers say that there were 2000 people on their protest. I have spoken to six of the people who were there and their estimates of their event’s size ranged from 750 to 1000 people. By the time I had got there (i.e. midway through the speeches), numbers had fallen far below that level.

The SUtR, protest was very different from the unity march. Small numbers of older men were standing far back from police lines. They were kettled, and making no effort to break out from the lines behind which they were constricted. There were in effect two stages – a DFLA stage on the North side of Whitehall, and a UAF stage on the South side, with two sets of speakers pointing away from each other. A single police helicopter made a desultory pretence of flying over the two. The UAF march did not confront the DFLA nor did the organisers have any intention of doing so.

The history of the left gives many examples of a campaign which was at once stage hegemonic on the left giving way to a younger, more political and more combative rival. After all, most members of the unity protest are veterans of previous SUtR and similar events. While SUtR was content behind its kettle, and the young were marching elsewhere, they were still chanting slogans first heard on SUtR protests.

Even SUtR derives its heritage, if increasingly distantly, from the Anti-Nazi League and the SWP of the 1970s, part of whose adoption of anti-fascism was part of a longer-term plan of replacing the ageing Communist Party of Great Britain as the largest organization force outside Labour on the left. From the perspective of generational and political renewal, it is very easy to see which forces are going to be the mainstays of anti-fascism in the decades to come.

What is harder to ask is whether even a generational renewal of the campaign will lead to what we really need – i.e. a movement capable of stopping not the smaller groups on the right but the likes of Tommy Robinson. The big picture is that the far right of our own times organises in ways different from the methods the left understands how to confront, through the adoption of a contrarian persona, anti-politically, and principally online. Moreover, in so far as anti-fascism works by distancing the extremists on the right from their mainstream allies, a problem facing us is that the two wings of the right have been co-operating voluntarily. There is, in short, a battle of ideas taking place between the left as a whole and the right as a whole. In that context, even the best of the anti-fascism can be no more than a part of the answer.

9 responses »

  1. The unity march sounds amazing – fantastic to see so many diverse groups actually coming together (including a couple I’m ashamed to say I hadn’t heard of). Sounds like the WSA played an absolute blinder. (Any sign of Labour / Momentum, btw?)

    Yes, the Left needs to be capable of taking the Right on, but before that the Left needs to be, to constitute itself as a visible social subject as well as in our heads. In that sense the march sounds like a big (if slow) step in the right direction.

    • Yes, I agree with your last para. On the Labour Party presence – there were a couple of Momentum / Corbyn T-shirts but not many. Then again the LP is so big these days that it’s members can be at something without feeling a need to advertise their presence

  2. Good to read. I have comrades in the leadership of the RMT, and I’m glad you saw them there.I expect a lot of their members were out on picket lines …did you see the news from Berlin? There, organisers expected 40,000 for an antifascist march and 240,000 showed up! That definitely needs to be followed up.

  3. Good article ,like the perspective you’ve picked up on there.
    It was a great day for me,goosebumps and a heart full of pride when “no pasaran “ was bellowed out as they tried to get through us.

  4. “The movement is better if we focus on occasional large turnouts, rather than mobilizing small numbers of our older supporters on weekday stunts.”
    We do what works. No platforming them whenever wherever they pop up is what works.

    There were 1500+ people when we began the short march from old palace yard to Whitehall at around 1:30 and we left at around 4:30. Yes, over this three hours the numbers gradually declined. By your own admission, people able to leave/join = not a kettle. They should’ve played more/better music.

    “Small numbers of older men” Fuck off. That is ageist. I have stood with holocaust survivors and disabled people that would not fair well in a scrap. They are still anti-fascist.

    “part of whose adoption of anti-fascism was part of a longer-term plan of replacing the ageing Communist Party” You may have heard of a fascist organization called the National Front that was very close to becoming a mass movement back then. I reckon this is why they did this. Bad analysis. 16:27 This debate over Trotskyism says that social movement organizing doesn’t have much effect on numbers in Trotskyist groups. But that’s not why we do it.

    “gives many examples of a campaign which was at once stage hegemonic on the left giving way to a younger, more political and more combative rival.” List some examples please. CPGB’s demise was from disillusionment with the Soviet Union. Can you honestly say where all those people went? No. A breaking up of any large left-wing group will be to the detriment of the whole left.

    So it has been a year since SUTR leafleted the second FLA march questioning why the group was working with right-wingers. They got up to 40,000 on this march, it was right after terrorist attacks.
    So you have consolidated your forces and got 1500. We got 1500 while pushing for another big demo on November 17th. What the fuck are you going to do when another terrorist attack happens and the DFLA could get 10,000+?

    • Hi LSN. If you don’t know how large the CP loomed in SWP thinking between 1974 and 1977 – as a model to be emulated and overtaken – I’d suggest reading Ian’s biography of Tony Cliff, or, better still reading Socialist Worker in this period. You’ll soon see what I’m alluding to.

      On the 10,000+ problem, this is what I did to build Saturday’s demos. I went to speak to a national organisation of people who work full-time for the Labour Party. I urged them to support both demos. I appreciate that I did that in a private setting and you have no know of knowing whether I’m telling you the truth. But I did go.

      I spoke on Novara media on Friday (the day before the demo). Try listening to the podcast, if you have a mobile you’ll be able to find it. You’ll notice that the clip begins with a loud call out for both marches. That one you don’t need to take my word on it, you’ll see for yourself.

      In both cases – and in quite a few other places as well – I tried to build an audience for both marches among people to my right and presumably to yours too (ie where the 10s of 1000s you refer to will be found).

      That said, if and when we have to deal with a far right on that scale it won’t come through the DFLA (they won’t be even a small part of that recomposition) it will come through the likes of Tommy Robinson and UKIP. When it happens, it will be a challenge like we’ve never seen to all parts of the left. And the ones which rise to that challenge will not be doing the same old tactics as 10, or 20 years ago. We’ll have to meet the far right where it’s strongest now and push back – which means (right now) in its equation of Muslims with sexual violence.

      The energy in the unity march came from that tactical decision, which was the most interesting thing I’ve seen happen in any corner of the anti-fascist movement for a long time.

  5. David,

    Thank you for this article. I confess that I don’t fully understand the point you seek to make other than one organisation appears to attract younger members than the other. I would be grateful if you could elaborate. Is it an issue of tactics? Is it an issue of control/autonomy? I would be interested to know.

    I agree that there must be dynamism at the heart of our movement and that the tactics of the past are not necessarily the tactics for the present. Fascism, I agree, manifests itself differently in each period without necessarily changing its core function and as a result we need to adapt our tactics. I was very encouraged to see WSA take on the issue of sexual violence and racism- go onto the Nazis territory; something which UAF/SUTR were neither able or willing to do. I don’t know if this is to do with form or politics. To this end i would like to know more because my view is the Left [ by which i mean the activist revolutionary left] is brittle and therefore unable to pursue the tactics of the past with anywhere need the same effect.

    • Richard, it’s not just numbers. One wing of the anti-fascist movement is innovating, the other is static. One is responding to the right’s fixation on sexual violence. The other has no answer to it.

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